Process Flowchart of Textile Engineering

Textile and Textile Engineering:

The word ‘Textile’ originates from the Latin verb ‘Texere’-to weave but according to Textile Institute “A general term applied to any manufacture from fibers, filaments or yarns characteristics by flexibility, fineness and high ratio of length to thickness. Textile engineering, also known as textile technology. Flowchart of textile engineering is given below.

Process Flowchart of Textile Engineering
Historical Textile Engineering

Process Flowchart of Textile Engineering

Input/ Raw Materials …………….. Processing Steps ………………………….. Output

Textile Fibers →→→ →→→ Yarn Manufacturing  →→→ →→→ Yarn
(Spinning Mill)

Yarn→ → → → → →→ Fabric Manufacturing →→→ →→→Grey Fabrics
(Weaving/Knitting Industry)

Grey Fabrics → → → → → →Wet Processing  →→→ →→→Finished Fabrics
(Dyeing, Printing & Finishing Industry)

Finished Fabrics → → →  → Garment Manufacturing →→ →→→ Garments
(Garment Industry)

Textile Engineering encompasses a variety of textile manufacturing processes. That is adding value from the fiber to apparel. These processes have ranged over the yarn making through the garment stitching, fabric embossing, and all other composite production. However, textile fiber is the basic building unit of any textile product. That’s why the textile manufacturing processes can clearly be classified as conventional and technical textiles. The conventional textile manufacturing process had a long history of converting natural fiber into useful textile products including fabrics, home textiles, and apparel. Recently technical textile through the utilization of special finishing effects by the synthetic man-made fiber and semisynthetic fiber manufacturing processes which is diversified with the utilization of monomer, chemical agent, and catalyst resulting in the formation of fiber or yarn.

The modern research and innovation in textile manufacturing processes introduced us to variations in raw materials and manufacturing processes. Hence, the manufacturing process has controlled to ensure product quality which is consumer desired.  All the processing stages in textile manufacturing processes from fiber production to finished fabric are monitoring and controlling in process control and evaluation. The fabric production is included with knitting, weaving, non-weaving, and subsequent coloration and finishing and apparel manufacturing processes.

Author of this Article:
Rana Sohel 
Executive Engineer 
Sunman Textile Mills Ltd. Chittagong 
Cell: +8801912-420118 
Email: [email protected]

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