Textile and Textile Engineering:
The word ‘Textile’ originates from the Latin verb ‘Texere’-to weave but according to Textile Institute “A general term applied to any manufacture from fibers, filaments or yarns characteristics by flexibility, fineness and high ratio of length to thickness. Textile engineering, also known as textile technology. Flowchart of textile engineering is given below.
Process Flowchart of Textile Engineering
Input/ Raw Materials …………….. Processing Steps ………………………….. Output
Textile Fibers →→→ →→→ Yarn Manufacturing →→→ →→→ Yarn
Yarn→ → → → → →→ Fabric Manufacturing →→→ →→→Grey Fabrics
Grey Fabrics → → → → → →Wet Processing →→→ →→→Finished Fabrics
(Dyeing, Printing & Finishing Industry)
Finished Fabrics → → → → Garment Manufacturing →→ →→→ Garments
Textile Engineering encompasses a variety of textile manufacturing processes. That is adding value from the fiber to apparel. These processes have ranged over the yarn making through the garment stitching, fabric embossing, and all other composite production. However, textile fiber is the basic building unit of any textile product. That’s why the textile manufacturing processes can clearly be classified as conventional and technical textiles. The conventional textile manufacturing process had a long history of converting natural fiber into useful textile products including fabrics, home textiles, and apparel. Recently technical textile through the utilization of special finishing effects by the synthetic man-made fiber and semisynthetic fiber manufacturing processes which is diversified with the utilization of monomer, chemical agent, and catalyst resulting in the formation of fiber or yarn.
The modern research and innovation in textile manufacturing processes introduced us to variations in raw materials and manufacturing processes. Hence, the manufacturing process has controlled to ensure product quality which is consumer desired. All the processing stages in textile manufacturing processes from fiber production to finished fabric are monitoring and controlling in process control and evaluation. The fabric production is included with knitting, weaving, non-weaving, and subsequent coloration and finishing and apparel manufacturing processes.
Author of this Article: Rana Sohel Executive Engineer Sunman Textile Mills Ltd. Chittagong Cell: +8801912-420118 Email: [email protected]