Flow Chart of Garment Manufacturing Technology

Apparel manufacturing:

The garment is a basic need of human being. Its manufacturing process is complicated. Garment/Apparel manufacturing processing depends on some steps and techniques. It starts from order receiving and will be an end to dispatching shipment of the finished garments. A process flow chart helps to understand how raw materials are moved from one process to another process until raw materials are transformed into the desired product (garments). The flow chart of garment manufacturing technology is as follows:

Flow Chart of Garment Manufacturing Technology
Garments manufacturing

Process Flow Chart of Garment Manufacturing Technology

Design /sketch

Basic block

Working pattern

Sample making

Basic manufacturing difference

Approved sample

Costing

Production pattern

Grading

Marker making
 ↓ 
Fabric spreading

Cutting

Sorting or bundling

Sewing

Ironing and finishing
 ↓ 
Final inspection

Packing
 ↓ 
Cartooning
 ↓ 
Send to buyer

In details apparel manufacturing sequence are given below:

OperationJobMethod
01. Design/sketchIt is given by buyers to manufacturers containing sketches including measurements of the styleManual/computerized
02. Basic blockWithout any allowanceManual/computerized
03. Working patternAssimilating of diagram of net dimension on paper each and individual part which is called pattern and when we move with it throughout the  whole manufacturing processes. We term it working pattern.Manual/computerized
04. Sample makingAfter getting all the speech the sample is made and sent to the buyers for approval to rectify the faults.Manual
05. Basic manufacturing differenceThe critical path is identified i.e the problem during the several operations.Manual
06. Approved sampleAfter rectifying the faults, the sample is again sent to buyers. If it is ok then it is called an approved sample.Manual
O7. Costing
  1. Fabric required
  2. Making charge
  3. Trimmings
  4. Profits
Manual
08. Production patternAdd allowance with net dimension.Manual/computerized
09. GradingIt is done according to a different sizes.Manual/computerized
10. Marker makingMaker is a thin paper that contains all the components of all sizes of a particular style.Manual/computerized
11. Fabric spreadingFabric is spread inlay form.Manual/computerized
12. CuttingTo cut the fabric according to the dimension by special types of the cutter.Manual/computerized
13. Sorting or bundlingSorting out the component according to size and for each size make an individual bundle.Manual
14. SewingSewing is done by different types of machines by the operation. Quality inspection is also done at that timeManual
15. Ironing and finishingGarments are treated with steam. Also, several finishing processes are done for example extra loose thread cutting.Manual
16. Final inspectionShould meet specs given by the buyer.Manual
17. PackingPoly packing.Manual
18. CartooningAfter packing the garments are placed in a hard paper box .for export so as to minimize damage. The cartoons contain all the information over the box according to buyer specs.Manual
19. Send to buyerIf everything is ok, it is sent to the buyer.Manual
Author of this Article:
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing
Asst. Merchandiser
Opex Sinha Group, Narayongonj
Email: raju.uttara72@yahoo.com

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