A terry towel is a textile product that is made with loop piles on one or both sides generally covering the entire surface or forming stripes, checks, or other patterns. A special type of weaving technique is required for terry towel manufacturing. Terry towels are often very complex with yarns of different types and colors, in combination with various loop pile and flat structures. The name “terry” comes from the word “tirer” which means to pull out, referring to the pulled out by hand to make absorbent traditional. Turkish toweling Latin “vellus” meaning hair has the derivation “velour” which is the toweling with cut loops. Process Flow Chart of Terry Towel Manufacturing is as follows:
Flow Chart of Terry Towel Manufacturing Process
Terry towel is one type of woven fabric where during weaving of this fabric 2 beams are used. One beam for ground fabrication and another beam for loop formation. The top beam is responsible for loop formation by terry loom’s beat-up mechanism. Commercially 3 pick terry is most popular. 3 picks terry means after each 3 picks insertion full beat-up is made and one loop pile is formed of the fabric. See the following illustration of the beat-up position.
The Pile of the towel plays a major role in a towel for its water absorbency and other properties. Loop length is decided by the quality, weight, etc. as per requirements. Pile manufacturers use better quality yarn like combed, compact, hydro, zero twisted yarns.
Piles are made by different high-value fibers like superior qualities of cotton suvin, giza, pima, bamboo, modal etc. to get better absorbency and lint properties. For ground yarn, comparatively coarser counts are used in OE and 2-ply option to give better strength and compactness in-ground fabric. Both piles and ground yarns are prepared in the same manner of warping, sizing, and drawing-in.
Author of this Article: Raju Tex Knitting Technologist, B.J.Group Chittagong Textile Engineering College Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ERZRAZU