Garment dyeing is the process of dyeing fully fashioned garments subsequent to manufacturing, as opposed to the conventional method of manufacturing garments from pre-dyed fabrics. Woven and knitted fabrics manufactured from prepared fabrics and then dyed with the method of garments dyeing. This method is the best process of the dyeing of goods. However, the penetration of the dye solution may not be completely passed to the fibers such as between the seams, buttons, zippers, etc. Normally, it is used for lingerie, socks, sweater dyeing, etc. The production flow chart of garments dyeing is as follows:
Production Flow Chart of Garments Dyeing
Garment dyeing is one of the important finishing operations. It allows the manufacturer to produce special color effects. That may not be feasible from continuous processed fabric. The demand from retailers for rapid response to fashion and color changes has resulted in some specialty garment manufacturers producing products. It can meet this requirement using fabric that has been previously prepared for dyeing when the garment is made. The made-up garments are then processed to their respective colors by specialized garment dyers.
Advantages of Garments Dyeing:
- Comparatively lower cost of production for any item of any color and shade.
- Comparatively less time is required to produce and supply garments.
- No possibility of shade variation within the garments.
- Small lots of different items could be produced at a lower cost within less time.
- Old garments could be redyed, hence becomes like new garments.
- Desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and finishing could be done in the same machine.
- Comparatively lower capital investment cost to set-up the dyeing of a garment project.
- In some cases, a lower liquor ratio in garment dyeing requires lower water, steam, and chemical consumption, hence lower garments dyeing cost.
- During fabric cutting approximately 15% of the fabric is cut out as wastage, if this 15% fabric is cut out as grey fabric rather than colored fabric, then the wastage cost will be saved.
Author of this Article: Rana Sohel Executive Engineer Sunman Textile Mills Ltd. Chittagong Cell: +8801912-420118 Email: [email protected]