Jute is a natural bast fiber with a golden and silky shine and hence called ‘The Golden Fibre‘. It is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. It’s the cheapest vegetable fiber procured from the bast or skin of the plant’s stem. It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability. Here, a flow chart of jute from fiber to product is given.
Manufacturing Flow Chart of Jute from Fiber to Product
Selection of jute for batching
Softening and lubricating
Conditioning or Piling
(Breaker and Finisher)
Drawing and Doubling
(First, second and finisher drawings)
(Warp Yarn & Weft Yarn)
(Spool Winding or Cope Winding)
(Shuttle loom or Shuttleless looms)
(Jute Bags, Hessian Cloth, CBC, etc)
Jute fibers are very long (1-4 meters), silky, lustrous, and golden brown in color. In contrast to most textile fibers which consist mainly of cellulose, jute fibers are part cellulose, part lignin. Cellulose is a major component of plant fibers while lignin is a major component of the wood fiber. Jute fiber has strength, low cost, durability, and versatility.
Jute is used where low cost is more important than durability, for example in coffee sacks and cotton bale covers. You are probably familiar with jute as twine used to tie garden plants, and as the hessian fabric. Jute is used in shopping bags, carpets, and rugs, backing for linoleum floor covering, chair coverings, and environmentally friendly coffins.
Jute is a sustainable fiber as well as useful as a geotextile fabric laid over the soil to stabilize it against landslides and to control erosion or weeds. The fabric helps to keep the moisture in and holds the soil in place, whilst the open weave structure of the fabric allows space for plants to grow. As the plants get established, the jute fabric starts to biodegrade. This fabric is also used to wrap plant root balls, as it allows water and air to reach the roots.
Author of this Article Mustaque Ahammed Mamun Quality Assurance Officer, Lamisa Spinning Ltd. Tongi, Gazipur Cell: +8801723300703 Email: [email protected]